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The keel-billed toucan, Ramphastos sulfuratus, is a South American bird with a huge beak. This social bird lives in small flocks in lowland tropical rainforests. It is a poor flyer, and moves mostly by hopping around trees. Toucans roost in holes in trees. They have a croaking call that sounds like RRRRK.

Anatomy: The toucan is about 20 inches (50 cm) long. The toucan's enormous bill is up to one-third of its length. The bill is brightly colored, light-weight, and edged with toothed margins. It has four toes on each foot; two toes face forwards and two face backwards. The legs are short but strong. Males are slightly larger than females, but their coloration is similar.

Diet: Toucan eat mostly fruit, but also eat bird eggs, insects, and tree frogs. Toucans swallow fruit whole and then regurgitate the seeds; this disperses viable (living) seeds in the forest.

Reproduction: Females lay 1 to 4 white eggs in each clutch (a set of eggs laid in one nesting period). The eggs are laid in a hollow tree cavity. Both parents incubate the eggs, and both parents feed the chicks.

Classification: Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Class Aves, Order Piciformes, Family Ramphastidae, Genus Ramphastos, Species R. sulfuratus.

1. What is the mainstay of a toucan's diet? fruit

2. A toucan's diet helps disperse seeds through the forest.

3. On what continent do toucans live? South America

4. In what biome do toucans live? tropical rainforests

5. Where do toucans nest? in holes in trees

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